Byrums raukar can be described as a stunning region of raukar in the northwestern part of Oland. In this area, there are approximately a hundred racks that were carved out of the limestone over many millions of years due to the motion along with the waves that rolled over the ocean. The Raukarna in Byrum becomes composed of hard limestone formed through interaction with the degrading of loose limestone. The region contains a wealth of fossils which are visible at several locations around Byrum’s Raukar. Alongside raccoons, the reserve is also home to insects like Ant lions as well as the marathon, a protected plant. The coast strip that is home to the rauks extends for about 600 meters and is home to around 120 separate rauks.
A geological formation that creates an incredible natural setting for an enjoyable summer picnic. The raukar of Byrum becomes a protected natural area. Bring caps and windbreakers to withstand the chilly ocean breezes as you enjoy a picnic along the limestone coast. It’s the perfect place for nature lovers. Raukfaltet is located about 8 km northwest of Lottorp. You can also take off for Byrum by taking off by way of Lottorp and Boda. Travel approximately 8 km and 6 km, respectively. Then you will exit at the sign with the word “raukar”. After a few hundred meters, take a left and follow for approximately 500 meters to the parking area.
At the time of 490 million The area of land that Oland is part of was located at the peak of the southern tropics, with an equatorial climate. Lime mud began to accumulate in large coral reefs in warm, shallow waters. Before the Oland limestone became formed, the coral reefs became compressed together under intense pressure over a long period of time. Scientists believe it took around 1,000 years for the limestone to precipitate one millimeter worth of limestone to develop into. The thickness of Oland’s limestone layer becomes expected to be around 40 metres. This means the Oland limestone took 40 million years to form. bedrock to develop.
Due to the different proportions of clay minerals, the limestone’s hardness differs. The ruts found at Byrum became formed when looser limestone is first washed away by the force of the waves, leaving stone pillars made of harder limestone. The area surrounding Byrum becomes rich in fossils. Fossils also seem to be prehistoric dead creatures discovered buried in sediments after submerging in the ocean’s depths. Over time, the sediments became compressed into a rock, and the animal shapes became preserved. Byrum only appears in Byrum, and nowhere else. There are also so many trilobite fossils from the genus Asaphus that it is the name of a layer within the limestone.
It is strictly forbidden to gather fossils! You are allowed to enjoy them in the area!
About 490 million years back, the beginning of Oland’s huge limestone layers was laid down within coral reefs. In the beginning, limestone was found in shallow, warm waters. In time, coral reefs have been squeezed into limestone and formed. The ruts in Byrum are formed because waves destroyed the soft limestone. In the Byrum area, there are about 120 rauks. The highest is as high as four meters tall and is located in the southern region of. The rauks in the northern part shrink in size. The ones that are the smallest are only one meter in height.
In the vicinity of the rauks are limestone slabs that smoothly protrude out of the water. They could have played a role in the slowing down of rutting since they keep waves from further damaging bedrock. The raukar’s top is the Klint, a rocky slope. On top of the cliff is an ocean wall. In the deserted environment, only pines rosehips, and juniper bushes flourish. Blaeld and Tukort are the vegetation that’s sparse along the seawall. So, they bloom from June to July.
It’s not just the rauks that make the region close to Byrum an extremely exciting area. In the south, there are a lot of fossils. Sedimentary materials cover dead organisms discovered on the seafloor. After that, the material becomes pressed under pressure. Eventually, the formation of rock occurs where the shapes of fossilised animals from the past become preserved. Some fossils easy to locate are squids from the prehistoric period and orthoceratites, also known as. Another animal species found in fossils is the trilobite. So, they became discovered in oceans between 560-250 million years ago.
If you’re looking to take a deeper trip To Byrum’s raukar, you can take an organized tour led by an experienced guide who will explain more about the area around the raukar.
Ann-Charlotte Garhammar is one of these island guides from the local area who are there to assist the curious. Through Oland Guides’ Facebook page, you will also reserve guided tours.
Byrum’s raukar becomes located on Oland’s northwestern coast along the Horn coastal road, which seems located south of the tiny Byrum town. Byrum. There is a big parking area right close to the rauk zone. From Borgholm the journey takes around 47 minutes in a car. So, follow route 136 from Borgholm to Byxelkrok.
In Lottorp as well as Hogby church At church, you turn to the left after the turnoff and then left onto Byrumsvagen that you follow for around 7.4 km. After that, turn left and continue on Horn’s coastal road.
The following become forbidden inside the nature reserve:
“do damage to the bedrock and loose soil layers, whether through blasting, road construction, beach gravel removal, or other means; the landowner, on the other hand, has the right to have fishing net anchorages within the area and to practice seaweed collection.”
- Soft seating.
- Take a snack or a drink.
- Visit us an hour before sunset, and stay until sunset.
- Be sure to arrive before dawn so that you can have the entire place to yourself.
- It’s possible to be extremely windy. Take an umbrella.
Raukar occurs only on Swedish Baltic islands. So, rauks are famous in Gotland, the Island of Gotland, and they come in larger and more bizarre shapes. They were first discovered on Oland in the vicinity of Byrum. The coral reef formed the limestone 400 million years ago. A tropical ocean near the Equator covered the Baltic States and Baltic Sea islands at the time. In addition to the intriguing geological formations of the rocks, Byrums Raukar offers an abundant amount of fossils from the primeval period. Most importantly, they contain fossils from the Orthocerida were the primary contributors to the genesis of the primeval riff along with their housings.